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Power Surge Causes
Electricity

Power Surge Causes And How To Protect

Electronics are an important part of our life. It has become essential, and I think it should be our 4th necessity after food, clothes, and shelter. Keeping the jokes aside, electronics are a mandate now. It has made human life easier, and we literally cannot live without these robotic things. Now, it has become a slogan. For example, our very own ‘Digital India.’ Also, in this pandemic, electronics are the most helpful thing which kept us alive.

Everything in this world has consequences. In the literal meaning, we can say that everything has its advantage and disadvantage. Just like that, electronics can face power surges. This is a disadvantage. There are ways to prevent power surges. The causes are there. We will get to know all about it.

In this article, let us take a quick look at how Power Surge Causes. The types of damages that they can cause and how to properly equip your home with surge protection are.  

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What Exactly Does Power Surge Mean? 

Power Surge Causes And How To Protect

A power surge is a sudden increase in electrical power. The rise in voltage can be as little as a few hundred volts or as high as tens of thousands of volts. This sudden increase in voltage causes the electrical current to increase as well. The power surge can also cause damage to electrical devices, such as computers and appliances. It varies drastically from few volts to thousand volts. This variation can make a few of them invisible, and some can explode in no time.

How Can Power Surge Occur?

Power surges can occur in several different ways. They can be caused by a lightning strike, a power outage, a power blackout, or a power outage caused by an overloaded circuit breaker. Lightning strikes can cause power surges, as can power outages caused by a storm. A power outage caused by an overloaded circuit breaker can also cause power surges.

A power surge is a huge amount of energy that flows through an electrical system. If there isn’t any place for the extra power to go, it will cause damage and even destroy devices like computers or televisions. Power surges can be caused by lightning strikes near electric equipment; problems with electricity providers; faulty wiring in homes; appliances malfunctioning (e.g., refrigerators); weather events (i.e., storms), etc..

When too much energy goes into an electrical system without anywhere else for it to go, this causes harm to both home electronics as well as large scale infrastructure such as grids which supply residential neighbourhoods with their service needs . Lightning strikes are one way these outages happen but other occurrences

What Are The Common Power Surge Causes?  

There’s always action to every reaction. Power Surges take place due to many reasons. Let us see what they are:

1. Internal sources within your home:

Our house contains many electronic appliances. 80% of the power surges occur from our internal sources. When electronic devices with motors and compressors turn on or off, they interrupt the flow of energy to and from other electrical appliances. Circuit overloads can frequently occur in our house with hairdryers, space heaters, power tools, HVAC units or air conditioners, and large appliances. Some other problems, such as electronic rust or slowly emerging product damage, can also occur. Every one of us is not aware of these causes, and therefore, we become very casual with our everyday things. 

2. Outdated Electrical Systems:

When we use old electronics, it causes a power surge. Money is a great factor. There are 2nd hand devices available for us. Sometimes, it becomes expensive for us to buy new products, but out of necessity, we often turn towards 2nd hand appliances. This is where the problem occurs. Old appliances cause many problems and come with less time of working capability. Apart from this, the old houses which are renovated and used can also cause these issues. This is because old houses have aluminum wiring and not copper wiring. This can cause protection problems.

3. Lightning Strikes:

Over 20 million lightning cases are detected annually across the nation. The most dangerous and destructive is lightning. Before electricity was discovered, lightning was the only thing that could cause electricity. When there’s lightning, it causes a great amount of damage to our appliances. This is the reason why we usually switch off our electronics when we hear lightning sounds.

4. Fallen Tree Limbs, Car Accidents, and Wildlife:

Usually, electrical lines are connected on vulnerable roads. Therefore, accidents can cause a power surge. This is because it will crash the lines. Animals can also cause such problems. If you observe, the lines are also connected through the trees. By any chance, if the trees fall, all the lines will be crashed in few seconds.  

Ways To Recognize If You’ve Had A Power Surge? 

Now we can say that every action has its reaction. Well, if power surges will occur, it will show some symptoms. Frequent short circuits, dimming lights, and irregularity in the electronic appliance can mean power surges have taken place.

There are visible signs that can assure you of a power surge:

  • The flashing clocks of the electronic devices or appliances are a very obvious sign which shows that the electrical surge to the power strip or wall outlet occurred. 
  • Power surges can cause fire or a burning smell. If you happen to get any burning smell, you can check your appliance for reassurance.
  • Some appliances come with a reset button. It indicates power surges. If the reset button moves to its original position, then it can mean that you are having a power surge. If it’s a manual button, then you can rest assured that it’s a power surge.

How To Protect Your Home From The Power Surge Causes:

Power Surge Causes And How To Protect

Now that you know what a power surge is and how it can damage your electrical devices, it’s time to figure out how you can protect your home from potential power surges. You’ll want to identify and replace any faulty wiring in your home. This can be a fairly simple project. You’ll want to check your home for any loose or missing wires and fix any that are missing or have become disconnected. You should also make sure that your electrical outlets are properly grounded and have surge protectors installed. A surge protection device is a small plug-in device that connects to the outlet and cuts off the surge before it ever has a chance to damage your appliances. Surge protectors are designed to protect your electrical devices from electrical surges.

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